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What Is the Law of Conservation of Charge?

Law of Conservation of Electric Charge

Law of Conservation of Electric Charge

In physics, there are two very important principles concerning the electric charge.

First is the law of conservation of electric charge. This law states that:

The algebraic sum of all the electric charges in any closed system is constant.

The only way to change the net charge of a system is to bring in charge from elsewhere, or remove charge from the system.

Law of conservation of charge

Law of conservation of charge says that the net charge of an isolated system will always remain constant. This means that any system that is not exchanging mass or energy with its surroundings will never have a different total charge at any two times. For example if two objects in an isolated system have a net charge of zero, and one object exchanges one million electrons to the other one, the object with the excess electrons will be negatively charged and the object with the reduced number of electrons will have a positive charge of the same magnitude. The total charge of the system has not and will never change.

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