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US Congressional Requirements

[Summary]The United States House of Representatives · House.gov Elected by their peers, certain representatives hold positions that combine institutional, administrative and partisan roles. Speaker of the House: Rep. Paul D. Ryan Elected by the whole of the H

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The United States House of Representatives · House.gov

Elected by their peers, certain representatives hold positions that combine institutional, administrative and partisan roles.

Speaker of the House: Rep. Paul D. Ryan

Elected by the whole of the House of Representatives, the Speaker acts as leader of the House and combines several institutional and administrative roles.

Requirements for Becoming a Member of Congress

US Congressional Requirements

The U.S. Congress is made up of two chambers, the Senate and the House of Representatives. Each state is allotted two Senators while the number of representatives each state has is determined ...

Qualifications of Members of Congress

Qualifications of Members of Congress

The Constitution requires that U.S. senators must be at least 30 years of age, citizens of the United States for at least nine years, and residents of the states from which they are elected. Members of the House of Representatives must be at least 25, citizens for seven years, and residents of the states which send them to Congress. The states may set additional requirements for election to Congress, but the Constitution gives each house the power to determine the qualifications of its members.

United States Congress

535 voting members

100 senators

435 representatives

6 non-voting members US Congressional Requirements
House of Representatives political groups

Republican (239)[1]

Democratic (193)[1]

Republican (52)

Democratic (46)

Independent (2)
(caucusing with Democrats)

Congress.gov | Library of Congress

Texas Redistricting

Congressional District Requirements

The number of seats in the U.S. House of Representatives apportioned to each state is determined after each decennial census by a mathematical formula set by federal law. Unless a state's constitution provides otherwise, each legislature has the authority to draw its state's congressional district boundaries. No Texas constitutional or statutory provisions address congressional redistricting. As a practical matter, the legislature must draw districts for the congressional seats apportioned to Texas before the candidates' filing period for the first general election following the decennial census. Unlike legislative redistricting, congressional redistricting does not come within the authority of the Legislative Redistricting Board if the legislature fails to enact a valid plan during the regular session that is meeting when the decennial census is published. The issue may be taken up in a subsequent special session of the legislature or, if the governor does not call a special session, the districts may be drawn by a state or federal court.

Eligibility of Congressmen

Introduction

The U.S. Senate has 100 members, elected for six year terms in dual-seat constituencies, two from each state. One-third are renewed every two years. The group of the Senate seats that is up for election during a given year is known as a class. The three classes are staggered so that only one of the three groups is renewed every two years. Until the Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution in 1913, Senators were elected by state legislatures, not the electorate of states. The age of candidacy to be a Senator is 30.

Office of Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs | Department of Energy

The Office of Congressional &
Intergovernmental Affairs
1000 Independence Ave., SW
Washington, DC 20585
202-586-5450

Directory of Representatives · House.gov

Directory of Representatives

Also referred to as a congressman or congresswoman, each representative is elected to a two-year term serving the people of a specific congressional district. The number of voting representatives in the House is fixed by law at no more than 435, proportionally representing the population of the 50 states. Currently, there are five delegates representing the District of Columbia, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. A resident commissioner represents Puerto Rico. Learn more about representatives at The House Explained.

Congressional Gold Medal Recipients | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives

Cite This Page

History, Art & Archives, U.S. House of Representatives, “Congressional Gold Medal Recipients,” http://history.house.gov/Institution/Gold-Medal/Gold-Medal-Recipients/ (February 12, 2017)

For Additional Information

Office of the Historian
Office of Art and Archives
B-53 Cannon House Office Building
Washington, D.C. 20515
(202) 226-1300

My Congressional District

Health statistics on insurance coverage, disability, fertility and other health issues are increasingly important in measuring the nation’s overall well-being.

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