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The Beginning of Pottery

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History of Ceramics | The American Ceramic Society

Published on May 19th, 2014 | By: Eileen De Guire

History of Ceramics

Published on May 19th, 2014 | By: Eileen De Guire

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[Image above] Credit: Liga Eglite; Flickr CC BY 2.0

Become a Member | Ceramic Arts Daily | Ceramic Tech Today

Ceramics is one of the most ancient industries on the planet. Once humans discovered that clay could be dug up and formed into objects by first mixing with water and then firing, the industry was born. As early as 24,000 BC, animal and human figurines were made from clay and other materials, then fired in kilns partially dug into the ground.

Pottery

A potter at work in Bangalore, India

Unfired "green ware" pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum

Pottery workshop reconstruction in the Museum of Traditional Crafts and Applied Arts, Troyan, Bulgaria

Pottery is the craft of making ceramic material into pots or potterywares using mud.[1][2][3][4] Major types of potterywares include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain. The place where such wares are made by a potter is also called a pottery (plural "potteries"). The technical definition of pottery used by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is "all fired ceramic wares that contain clay when formed, except technical, structural, and refractory products."[5]

History of Pottery

The oldest known body of pottery dates back 10,000 years, during the Neolithic revolution. Lifestyles in the Middle East and Africa were transitioning from nomadic hunters and gatherers to farmers who put down roots and planted crops. Baskets were useful handicrafts used for gathering, but they couldn't hold liquids. Mind you this was long before hoses or irrigation systems were in the picture, and farmers needed to be able to water their crops. Necessity dictated that it was essential to find a material that was readily available and inexpensive, pliable enough to shape and light enough to carry. Clay fit the bill and was an abundant resource in the region. Early pots were built by stacking rings of clay, which were then smoothed out and fired in a hole in the ground, under a bonfire. These pots were undecorated and expendable -- they were created simply as a means to transport liquids, and sometimes were only used once they were being disposed of.

HISTORY OF POTTERY AND PORCELAIN

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The Beginning of Pottery

Beginning ceramics: How to throw a bowl

The Beginning of Pottery

This is the most basic form made on the wheel. It is usually introduced later in the class because when learned first, all projects begin to become bowls acc...

Earliest evidence for pottery making found : Nature News

Shards of pottery dating back 18,000 years have been unearthed in a cave in Hunan province, southern China.

The manufacture of ceramic pots and other items is generally associated with the change from Paleolithic hunter-gatherer societies into sedentary Neolithic communities, which began about 10,000 years ago in the eastern Mediterranean. But pottery manufacture began considerably earlier in East Asia, during the late Paleolithic. Until now, the earliest previous finds in East Asia were dated to 15,000–16,000 years ago.

Beginning ceramics: How to throw a bowl

The Beginning of Pottery

This is the most basic form made on the wheel. It is usually introduced later in the class because when learned first, all projects begin to become bowls acc...

Ancient Pottery: Types, History, Development of Clay-Fired Vessels

Although ceramic sculpture has been known in eastern Europe (Czech Republic) since about 25,000 BCE (Venus of Dolni Vestonice), indicating that European hunter-gatherers were familiar with fired clay objects from at least the Gravettian period onwards, pottery is not known to have been made in Europe before about 5,000 BCE. [Note: There is a significant difference between low quality fired clay used for sculpture and high quality ceramic ware.]

Beginner Pottery | Turk Hill Craft School

Beginning Pottery at Turk Hill

Below you will find a listing of our upcoming Beginner Pottery classes at Turk Hill. These courses are perfect for students with little to no experience or students who have taken some time off and are looking to get back into the swing of things.

Our instructors have years of experience, they are friendly and they are experts in their field. Each session they will cover a variety of topics, with a focus on the "Fundamentals" of throwing, finishing, and glazing your work. Students who continue to take the Students may also choose to focus on hand built work if they choose.

Throwing Basic Pot | Pottery Wheel Step By Step Tutorial

Making Mug and Pulling Handle
Wheel Lesson

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