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Reasons for International Migration

[Summary]Migration Flows from Iraq to Europe: Reasons Behind Migration | [term:name] | [term:vocabulary] | Iraq Mission | IOM In 2015, over one million migrants reached European shores after long, complicated and risky journeys. Iraqis represented the third l

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Migration Flows from Iraq to Europe: Reasons Behind Migration | [term:name] | [term:vocabulary] | Iraq Mission | IOM

In 2015, over one million migrants reached European shores after long, complicated and risky journeys. Iraqis represented the third largest group of migrants, with nearly 85,000 arriving to Greece by sea in the second half of 2015 alone.

IOM Iraq, as part of the larger IOM response to this unprecedented crisis, conducted research funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) to explore the trends and causes of Iraqi migration to Europe.

Root Causes of Migration

An Age of Migration: Globalization and the Root Causes of Migration

Globalization Drives Migration

Migration is a complex process and has been a feature of human societies for many centuries. There are many reasons why people choose to migrate, including:

Armed conflict

Social strife

Political turmoil

Economic hardships

People move for a variety of reasons. They consider the advantages and disadvantages of staying versus moving, as well as factors such as distance, travel costs, travel time, modes of transportation, terrain, and cultural barriers.

Economic reasons

Many studies of international migration have confirmed that economic factor plays a very dominant role in people’s decision to migrate from one country to the other. While trying to prevent a ‘brain drain’, sending states increasingly try to encourage particular forms of migration because the associated remittances and a potential ‘brain gain’ through a counter movement of skills and knowledge are supposed to be beneficial to national development. Lack of employment opportunities or differentials in employment opportunities and wages; the lure of a well-paid job in a wealthy country is a powerful driver of international migration. The attraction has intensified as income differentials among countries continue to grow. Lack of educational institutions across developing countries has also tremendously contributed to the reasons for emigration.

Migration Push/Pull Factors

Migration Push/Pull Factors

By: System Administrator On: 2016-01-09 20:45 (411194 Reads) Reasons for International Migration
Migration Push and Pull Factors/ Global Migration Patterns

Migration can be defined as a form of relocation diffusion (the spread of ideas, innovations, behaviors, from one place to another) involving permanent move to a new location. The reasons that people migrate would be due to push and pull factors. Push and Pull factors are forces that can either induce people to move to a new location or oblige them to leave old residences; they can be economic, political, cultural, and environmentally based. Push factors are conditions that can drive people to leave their homes, they are forceful, and relate to the country from which a person migrates. A few example of push factors are: not enough jobs in your country; few opportunities; "Primitive" conditions; desertification ; famine/drought ; political fear/persecution ; poor medical care; loss of wealth; and natural Disasters. Pull factors are exactly the opposite of push factors; they are factors that attract people to a certain location. Examples of these push factors are job opportunities; better living conditions; political and/or religious freedom; enjoyment; education; better medical care; and security. To migrate, people place so attractive that they feel pulled toward it.

International Program

MPI’s International Program acts as a policy laboratory for developing innovative, evidence-based, and politically feasible solutions to worldwide migration policy challenges. From advising countries holding the rotating EU Presidency on migration and immigrant integration matters to crafting policy memos for national governments rethinking their border or citizenship policies, MPI’s International Program strives to inform ongoing policy debates in North and Central America, Europe, and Asia, as well as at the global level. For more about the International Program, click here.

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Registered in England & Wales No. 3099067
5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG

Migration | International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Increasing migration is both a cause and consequence of some of the most significant humanitarian challenges of the modern era. In recent years, people on the move across different regions all over the world have highlighted the risks faced by migrants, especially when particularly vulnerable.

People decide to move for different reasons: fear of persecution, conflict and violence, human rights violations, poverty and lack of economic prospects, or natural disasters. Many people cross borders to find work, and an increasing number are moving as a result of climate change. People’s reasons for migrating are complex, and often a combination of a variety of these and other factors.

International Migration

International migration is a global phenomenon that is growing in scope, complexity and impact. Migration is both a cause and effect of broader development processes and an intrinsic feature of our ever globalizing world. While no substitute for development, migration can be a positive force for development when supported by the right set of policies. The rise in global mobility, the growing complexity of migratory patterns and its impact on countries, migrants, families and communities have all contributed to international migration becoming a priority for the international community.

Migration

Migration Insights

Europe is facing a historical moment with one of the worst refugee crises in decades. Managing this emergency is complex but Europe has the experience and the capacity to cope. Read our latest analysis on migration and integration policies of immigrants.

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