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Pope Who Called for a Crusade at the Council of Clermont

[Summary]Pope Urban II Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia (1078–88) Cardinal-Bishop of Velletri (1080–88) Legate in Germany (1084–85) Papal vestments Papal tiara Pope Urban II (Latin: Urbanus II; c. 1042 – 29 July 1099), born Odo of Châtillon or Otho de Lagery,[1][A] w

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Pope Urban II

Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia (1078–88)

Cardinal-Bishop of Velletri (1080–88)

Legate in Germany (1084–85)

Papal vestments

Papal tiara

Pope Urban II (Latin: Urbanus II; c. 1042 – 29 July 1099), born Odo of Châtillon or Otho de Lagery,[1][A] was Pope from 12 March 1088 to his death in 1099. He is best known for initiating the First Crusade (1096–99) and setting up the modern-day Roman Curia in the manner of a royal ecclesiastical court to help run the Church.[2]

Crusader Motives and Motivation – Pope Urban II’s Call to Arms | The Crusades and Crusade Memory

Pope Urban II’s Call to Arms

Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont, dating to about 1474. Sébastien Mamerot, Les Passages d’outremer

In the fall of 1095, the emperor in Constantinople, Alexius I, sent an envoy asking Pope Urban II for help against the Seljuk Turks who were encroaching on their lands and on the rights of Christians. Following this request for help, on November 27, 1095, Pope Urban II called for a gathering, the Council of Clermont, where he preached the First Crusade. In order to evaluate the motives and motivations of the crusaders, it is useful to look at Pope Urban’s speech. No written record of Urban’s actual speech survived, but there are multiple accounts available to historians today. These accounts are equally if not more useful, as they attest to the widespread interpretations of Urban’s speech. However, certain themes run consistently throughout all of the accounts.

The Speech of Pope Urban II. At Clermont, 1095 on JSTOR

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