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Opium User Facts

[Summary]Opium Facts The facts surrounding opium use date back to the Neolithic Age and carry on through history to date. These opium facts are both surprising and sobering. 17 Interesting Facts About Opium - OhFact! Did you know that poppy seeds contain enou

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Opium Facts

The facts surrounding opium use date back to the Neolithic Age and carry on through history to date. These opium facts are both surprising and sobering.

17 Interesting Facts About Opium - OhFact!

Did you know that poppy seeds contain enough opiate alkaloids to fail you in a drug screening test. Read on for more interesting facts about Opium.

10 Opium Drug Facts You Should Know

Knowing opium drug facts will help you to understand opium, heroin, and opiate painkillers in terms of history and current use, as well as their dangers.

Opium: Uses, Addiction Treatment & Side Effects

What is Opium?

Opium is a highly addictive narcotic drug acquired in the dried latex form from the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) seed pod. Traditionally the unripened pod is slit open and the sap seeps out and dries on the outer surface of the pod. The resulting yellow-brown latex, which is scraped off of the pod, is bitter in taste and contains varying amounts of alkaloids such as morphine, codeine, thebaine and papaverine.

Heroin Facts and Effects | Drug Policy Alliance

Heroin is processed from morphine, a naturally occurring opiate extracted from the seedpod of certain varieties of poppy plants. The opium poppy has been cultivated for more than five thousand years for a variety of medicinal uses.

Heroin was first synthesized from morphine in 1874. From 1898 through to 1910, Bayer, the German pharmaceutical company, marketed it under the trademark name Heroin as a cough suppressant and as a non-addictive morphine substitute (until it was discovered that it rapidly metabolizes into morphine). One year after beginning sales, Bayer exported heroin to 23 countries.

Opium production in Afghanistan

Opium poppy field in Gostan valley, Nimruz Province, Afghanistan

Harvested poppy capsules.

Afghanistan opium poppy cultivation, 1994–2016 (hectares)

Afghanistan's opium poppy production goes into more than 90% of heroin worldwide.[1] Afghanistan has been the world's greatest illicit opium producer, ahead of Burma (Myanmar), the "Golden Triangle", and Latin America since 1992, excluding the year 2001.[2] Afghanistan is the main producer of opium in the "Golden Crescent". Opium production in Afghanistan has been on the rise since U.S. occupation started in 2001.[3] Based on UNODC data, opium poppy cultivation was more in each of the growing seasons in the periods between 2004 and 2007 than in any one year during Taliban rule. More land is now used for opium in Afghanistan than is used for coca cultivation in Latin America. In 2007, 93% of the non-pharmaceutical-grade opiates on the world market originated in Afghanistan.[4] This amounts to an export value of about $4 billion, with a quarter being earned by opium farmers and the rest going to district officials, insurgents, warlords, and drug traffickers.[5] In the seven years (1994–2000) prior to a Taliban opium ban, the Afghan farmers' share of gross income from opium was divided among 200,000 families.[6] In addition to opiates, Afghanistan is also the largest producer of cannabis (mostly as hashish) in the world.[7][8] In 2004, a fatwa was issued by Muslim clerics claiming that opium production is contrary to the sharia law and that opium producers would face punishments in accordance with the sharia.[9]

Opium Poppy: History

The Origins of Opium

The earliest reference to opium growth and use is in 3,400 B.C. when the opium poppy was cultivated in lower Mesopotamia (Southwest Asia). The Sumerians referred to it as Hul Gil, the "joy plant." The Sumerians soon passed it on to the Assyrians, who in turn passed it on to the Egyptians. As people learned of the power of opium, demand for it increased. Many countries began to grow and process opium to expand its availability and to decrease its cost. Its cultivation spread along the Silk Road, from the Mediterranean through Asia and finally to China where it was the catalyst for the Opium Wars of the mid-1800s.

GINAD

Production countries

Afghanistan produces the largest proportion of illegal opium in the world. Since the end of the Taliban regime in 2001, production has steadily grown until a point where over 90% of the worlds opium can be said to derive from the opium poppies grown on Afghanistan soil. The country is the most significant part of the so-called ‘Golden Crescent’, an area in Asia where opium production flourishes, taking in Pakistan, another opium producing country, and Iran, which plays a large role in the consumption and shipment of the drug.

Opium Addiction

The Long History of Opium Addiction

Use of opium has a long history going all the way back to the Neolithic age. Throughout this time the drug has been used as an effective pain killer and many modern analgesic drugs come from the opium poppy. In fact all the morphine-type drugs come from this plant. As well as being used for medicinal purposes, there is a long history of people becoming addicted to opium. Indeed, non-medicinal use of the drug has apparently been accepted in many parts of the world right up to the beginning of the twentieth century.

10 Ways the Opium Poppy has changed the World - Listverse

Papaver Somniferum, the Opium Poppy, has been considered one of the most influential, as well as interesting things in the world for thousands of years. For those unfamiliar with it, the poppy produces opium, the euphoric painkiller that is the starting point for heroin. Depictions of the plant have been traced back to the Sumerians of 6000 years ago. The beautiful flower has been worshiped as a gift from the gods, and just the same has been feared for its potential to destroy millions of lives. Rather you see them as divine, or quite the opposite, it’s hard to argue how much influence they’ve had in our world. Here are ten particular areas that the plant and its drug have dramatically impacted.

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