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Neanderthal

[Summary]Neanderthal Homo mousteriensis[1] Homo sapiens neanderthalensis Palaeoanthropus neanderthalensis[2] Neanderthals, or more rarely Neandertals,[a] (UK /niˈændərˌtɑːl/, us also /neɪ/-, -/ˈɑːndər/-, -/ˌtɔːl/, -/ˌθɔːl/;[6][7] named for the Neandertal regi

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Neanderthal

Homo mousteriensis[1]
Homo sapiens neanderthalensis
Palaeoanthropus neanderthalensis[2]

Neanderthals, or more rarely Neandertals,[a] (UK /niˈændərˌtɑːl/, us also /neɪ/-, -/ˈɑːndər/-, -/ˌtɔːl/, -/ˌθɔːl/;[6][7] named for the Neandertal region in Germany) were a species or subspecies of archaic human in the genus Homo that went extinct about 40,000 years ago. Neanderthals and modern humans share 99.7% of their DNA[8] and are hence closely related.[9][10] (By comparison, both modern humans and Neanderthals share 98.8% of their DNA with their closest non-human living relatives, the chimpanzees.)[8] Neanderthals left bones and stone tools in Eurasia, from Western Europe to Central and Northern Asia. Due to accumulating genetic and fossil evidence suggesting Neanderthals evolved in Europe separately from modern humans in Africa for over 600,000 years, paleontologists generally classify them as a distinct species, Homo neanderthalensis. From the 1950s to the early 1980s, however, Neanderthals were widely considered a subspecies of Homo sapiens (H. s. neanderthalensis) and a minority of scholars still hold this view.[11][12][13]

the definition of Neanderthal

Neanderthal

What did the Neanderthals do for us?

Thanks to a spot of prehistoric hanky-panky, many of us carry Neanderthal genes. What is this rogue DNA doing?

Neanderthal

Inbred Neanderthals left humans a genetic burden: Non-African human populations today have marginally lower fitness thanks to Neanderthal inheritance -- ScienceDaily

"Neanderthals are fascinating to geneticists because they provide an opportunity to study what happens when two groups of humans evolve independently for a long time--and then come back together," says study leader Kelley Harris, of Stanford University. "Our results suggest that inheriting Neanderthal DNA came at a cost."

Neanderthal

This reconstruction is at the Neanderthal Museum

The Neanderthal,[1] a species of the genus Homo, was a near relative of our own species. Its scientific name is Homo neanderthalensis or Homo sapiens neanderthalensis.[2]

Neanderthal fossils are only found in Europe, Asia Minor and up to central Asia. The first fossil was found in a limestone quarry near Düsseldorf: One of the workers found part of a skeleton, in a valley called Neanderthal. Experts Johann Carl Fuhlrott and Hermann Schaaffhausen said the bones belonged to an older form of modern humans. These bones are known as Neanderthal 1 today.

The last Neanderthal

The real story of how our extinct relative lived and died

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