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Muhammad's Successor

[Summary]Muhammad's Successors Succession after Muhammad's Death Muhammad united the tribes of Arabia into a single Arab Muslim religious polity in the last years of his life. He established a new unified Arabian Peninsula, which led to the Rashidun and Umayy

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Muhammad's Successors

Succession after Muhammad's Death

Muhammad united the tribes of Arabia into a single Arab Muslim religious polity in the last years of his life. He established a new unified Arabian Peninsula, which led to the Rashidun and Umayyad Caliphates and the rapid expansion of Muslim power over the next century.

Sunnis vs. Shi'ites

The vast majority of the world’s Muslim population follows the Sunni branch of Islam, while approximately 10-15% of all Muslims follow the Shiite (also Shi’ite, Shi’a, or Shia) branch. The differences between the Sunni and Shiite sects are rooted in disagreements over the succession to the Prophet Muhammad, who died in 632 AD, and over the nature of the leadership the Muslim community should have. The historic debate centered on whether to award leadership to a qualified, pious individual who would follow the customs of the Prophet, or to transmit leadership exclusively through the Prophet’s bloodline. The question was settled initially when community leaders elected Abu Bakr, a companion of the Prophet, to become the first Caliph (Arabic for “successor”). Although most Muslims accepted this decision, some supported the candidacy of Ali ibn Abi Talib, the Prophet’s cousin and son-in-law, husband of the Prophet’s daughter Fatima. Ali had played a prominent role during the Prophet’s life, but he lacked seniority within the Arabian tribal system and was bypassed.

Imam Ali declared the Successor of Prophet Muhammad in Sunni Hadith Literature

Imam ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (d. 661) was the first cousin of the Prophet Muhammad with whom he shared the same paternal grandfather, the son-in-law of the Prophet as the husband of his only surviving d…

Who is the successor of the Prophet (S)? | A Shi'ite Encyclopedia | Books on Islam and Muslims | Al-Islam.org

بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Once a person told me that Abu Bakr is more knowledgeable than Prophet Muhammad (S) (Na’oozo Billah)! I asked him how come?! He said because Abu Bakr understood that he should assign a person as his successor to keep the system and community working in order. As it is well-known Abu Bakr assigned Umar as his successor. But the Prophet failed to realize this important task that the Islamic community needs a qualified leader after him, or perhaps it was not important for the prophet that who is going to take over the power after him!

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