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Immigration Nationality Act of 1965

[Summary]U.S. Immigration Legislation: 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act (Hart-Cellar Act) 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act, a.k.a. the Hart-Celler Act (An Act to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other purposes) H.R. 2580; Pub.L. 89-2

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U.S. Immigration Legislation: 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act (Hart-Cellar Act)

1965 Immigration and Nationality Act, a.k.a. the Hart-Celler Act (An Act to amend the Immigration and Nationality Act, and for other purposes)

H.R. 2580; Pub.L. 89-236; 79 Stat. 911.

89th Congress; October 3, 1965.

You can find the full text of this law as a PDF here.

The Hart-Celler Act abolished the national origins quota system that had structured American immigration policy since the 1920s, replacing it with a preference system that focused on immigrants' skills and family relationships with citizens or residents of the U.S. Numerical restrictions on visas were set at 170,000 per year, not including immediate relatives of U.S. citizens, nor "special immigrants" (including those born in "independent" nations in the Western hemisphere; former citizens; ministers; employees of the U.S. government abroad).

The Geopolitical Origins of the U.S. Immigration Act of 1965 | migrationpolicy.org

In 2015, the United States marks the 50th anniversary of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, which radically shifted U.S. policy away from selecting immigrants by national origin. Until 1965, the national-origins quotas created a preference for immigration from countries in Northwestern Europe, loosely restricted immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe, and tightly restricted immigration from Asia, Africa, and the colonized Caribbean. For example, the 1929 quotas gave 51,227 of the overall 150,000 annual slots to Germans, 100 to Greeks, and zero to Chinese.

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