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Fiv Transmission to Humans

[Summary]Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Suggested Articles On the lookout for FIV Ask Elizabeth: Questions about FIV Testing for FIV and FeVL Feline Vision Problems: A Host of Possible Causes Lung Ailments: A Widespread Source of Feline Woe Squamous Cell Cance


Feline Immunodeficiency Virus

Suggested Articles

On the lookout for FIV

Ask Elizabeth: Questions about FIV

Testing for FIV and FeVL

Feline Vision Problems: A Host of Possible Causes

Lung Ailments: A Widespread Source of Feline Woe

Squamous Cell Cancer

Spaying and Neutering

Neurological Disorders

Feline Vaccines: Benefits and Risks

Fiv Transmission to Humans

In the United States, approximately 1.5 to 3 percent of healthy cats are infected with FIV.

Is Feline AIDS Contagious to Humans?

Feline aids also known as the immunodeficiency syndrome is often compared to the human AIDS, but the virus cannot be transmitted from cats to humans or vice versa, as the feline virus is different from the human virus. The feline aids is a disease that will destroy the immune system and the cat will be more likely to contract other diseases.

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) in Cats

Retroviruses are species-specific. This means a feline retrovirus like FIV will only infect cats; a human retrovirus such as HIV will only infect humans.

Retroviruses are made up of RNA. In the host, the RNA is transcribed into DNA and incorporated into the DNA of the host’s cells.

Retroviruses are fragile, being easily inactivated by ultraviolet light, heat, detergents, and drying.

Feline AIDS Transmission to Humans

First discovered in a California cattery in 1986, FIV resembles the human immunodeficiency virus that causes AIDS in that both are retroviruses that target their hosts' immune systems. FIV is feline-specific, and HIV is human-specific-there are no recorded instances of a person contracting feline AIDS from a cat.

FIV in Cats | Best Friends Animal Society

What is FIV in cats?

FIV stands for feline immunodeficiency virus. It is a lentivirus, the same class of virus as HIV. FIV, which can live in many different tissues in cats, typically causes a weakening of the cat's immune system.

How do cats get FIV?

One of the tissues in which FIV lives is the salivary glands, so the most common route of infection is a deep bite wound from a FIV-positive cat to another cat. It can also be transmitted via blood, in utero and possibly from milk from an infected mother cat. It is extremely unlikely, if not impossible, for cats to get FIV from just being around infected cats, from sharing food bowls, or from a person touching a FIV-positive cat and then touching a FIV-negative cat.

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) | International Cat Care

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is an important viral infection of cats that occurs worldwide.

The virus was first discovered during the investigation of a disease outbreak in a previously healthy colony of rescue cats in the USA, that had been showing similar signs to people with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Although HIV and FIV are very similar, the viruses are species specific, which means that FIV only infects cats and HIV only infects humans. Thus there is no risk of infection for people in contact with FIV-positive cats. Cats are most commonly infected with FIV through bite wounds. Once infected, a cat will remain infected with the virus for life, and after a period that may last several years, the virus may damage the cat's immune response and lead to signs of disease.

In Vivo Infection of Humans with FIV

Allows for the Potential Development of an HIV-1 Vaccine to Protect Against the AIDS Virus

This revolutionary discovery in the field of immunodeficiency viruses opens the doors for the development of a vaccine for feline-to-human transmission of FIV. Infection of cats with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) results in a cat disease that is similar to human AIDS caused by the related virus, human immunodeficiency virus. However, studies of the disease had all but ruled out the possibility of the transmission of the virus to humans. Our discovery documents, for the first time in medical history, the in vivo infection of humans with FIV, something that the medical community had considered to be unlikely. This discovery will have profound implications not only in the development of an FIV vaccine, but may also impact the development of HIV-1 vaccines and diagnostic assays.

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

Fred Scott, Former Director, Cornell Feline Health Center
James Richards, Director, Feline Health Center

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), previously called feline T-lymphotropic lentivirus (FTLV), is a feline virus belonging to the family Retroviridae. Although it is related to feline leukemia virus (FeLV), FIV does not cause cancer and is not classified with FeLV in the oncornavirus subfamily of retroviruses. instead, FIV has been placed in the lentivirus subfamily, along with the viruses causing progressive pneumonia in sheep, infectious anemia in horses, arthritisencephalitis in goats, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in human beings.

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