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Facts About the Soviet Union

[Summary]Union of Soviet Socialist Republics facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Rus. Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik, former republic. I

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Union of Soviet Socialist Republics facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Rus. Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik, former republic. It was established in 1922 and dissolved in 1991. The Soviet Union was the first state to be based on Marxist socialism (see also Marxism; communism). Until 1989 the Communist party indirectly controlled all levels of government; the party's politburo effectively ruled the country, and its general secretary was the country's most powerful leader. Soviet industry was owned and managed by the state, and agricultural land was divided into state farms, collective farms, and small, privately held plots.

Soviet Union Facts for Kids | KidzSearch.com

The Soviet Union after World War II Capital Moscow Language(s) Russian, many others Government federal Marxist–Leninist, single-party state General Secretary - 1922–1952 Joseph Stalin (first) - 1991 Vladimir Ivashko (last) Head of State - 1922–1938 Mikhail Kalinin (first) - 1988–1991 Mikhail Gorbachev (last) Head of Government - 1922–1924 Vladimir Lenin (first) - 1991 Ivan Silayev (last) Legislature Supreme Soviet - Upper house Soviet of the Union - Lower house Soviet of Nationalities Historical era Interwar period / Cold War - Treaty of Creation 30 December 1922 - Union dissolved 26 December 1991 Area - 1991 22,402,200 km2(8,649,538 sq mi) Population - 1991 est. 293,047,571 Density 13.1 /km2 (33.9 /sq mi) Currency Soviet ruble (руб) (SUR) Internet TLD .su2 Calling code +7 Preceded by Succeeded by Facts About the Soviet Union
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1On 21 December 1991, eleven of the former socialist republics declared in Alma-Ata (with the 12th republic – Georgia – attending as an observer) that with the formation of the Commonwealth of Independent States the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ceases to exist.

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The Soviet Union was really big on secrets: here are ten of the most audacious.

10 Things You Didn't Know About The Soviet Union

Top 10 Facts About The Soviet Union - The USSR is one fascinating part of the world's history. Here are 10 of the most interesting facts about the Soviet Union!

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The Soviet Union: Facts, Descriptions, Statistics

Soviet Union Information Bureau

The Soviet Union: Facts, Descriptions, Statistics

First Published: 1929
Source: Soviet Union Information Bureau, Washington D.C. ("This book is composed and printed by union labor.")
Transcription: Brian Baggins
Proofing Status: Brian Baggins (1/2004). Please help by proofing this document (compare it with the PDF version) and send corrections to Brian Baggins.
Copyleft: Soviet History Archive (marxists.org) 2002-2004. Permission is granted to copy and/or distribute this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.

Military history of the Soviet Union

Joseph Stalin and Kliment Voroshilov depicted saluting a military parade in Red Square above the message "Long Live the Worker-Peasant Red Army—a Dependable Sentinel of the Soviet Borders!"

The military history of the Soviet Union began in the days following the 1917 October Revolution that brought the Bolsheviks to power. In 1918 the new government formed the Red Army, which then defeated its various internal enemies in the Russian Civil War of 1917–22. The years 1918–21 saw defeats for the Red Army in the Polish–Soviet War (1919–21) and in independence wars for Estonia (1918–20), Latvia (1918–20) and Lithuania (1918–19). The Red Army invaded Finland (November 1939); fought the Battle of Halhin Gol of May-September 1939 (together with its ally Mongolia) against Japan and its client state Manchukuo; it was deployed when the Soviet Union, in agreement with Nazi Germany, took part in the invasion of Poland in September 1939, and occupied the Baltic States (June 1940), Bessarabia (June–July 1940) and Northern Bukovina (June–July 1940) (from Romania). In World War II the Red Army became a major military force in the defeat of Nazi Germany and conquered Manchuria. After the war, it occupied East Germany and many nations in central and eastern Europe, which became satellite states in the Soviet bloc.

Top stats for Soviet Union: Country profile

Facts About the Soviet Union

Facts and stats about Soviet Union including Intentional homicide rate, Murder rate and More Interesting Facts and Stats

About the German Invasion of the Soviet Union

About the German Invasion of the Soviet Union

Gerd R. Ueberschär

Barbarossa, German codename for the invasion of the USSR which took place on 22 June 1941 (see Map 14). Launched by Hitler in violation of the existing non-aggression treaty with Stalin, it was designed to provide the Reich with 'living space in the East'. The German dictator had advocated the conquest of the USSR as early as 1924 in his book, Mein Kampf. At the same time, the campaign was to lay the foundations for the expected conflict with the two Anglo-Saxon powers for primacy as a world power and to free Germany of the economic warfare the Allies were waging against it.

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