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bone markings of the vertebrae

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The Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord

OBJECTIVES: When you have mastered the material in this study guide, you should be able to meet the objectives of Dissection 1.

ORGANIZATION OF THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN bone markings of the vertebrae

The vertebral column is composed of a series of 31 separate bones known as vertebrae. There are seven cervical or neck vertebrae, 12 thoracic vertebrae, and five lumbar vertebrae. The sacrum is composed of five fused vertebrae, and there are two coccygeal vertebrae which are sometimes fused (fig. 1). In the normal adult there are four curvatures in the vertebral column in an anteroposterior plane. These serve to align the head with a vertical line through the pelvis (fig. 2). In the thoracic and sacral regions, these curves are oriented concave anterior and each is known as a kyphosis. In the lumbar and cervical regions the curves are convex anterior and each is known as a lordosis. These latter normal curvatures develop during childhood in association with lifting the head (cervical) and assuming upright sitting (lumbar) and they are thus known as secondary curvatures. The thoracic and sacral curvatures are the same in adult as they are in fetal life and they are known as primary curvatures. Exaggerated kyphosis or lordosis can occur under some normal conditions (e.g. increased lumbar lordosis in pregnancy). A curvature of the vertebral column in a mediolateral plane can occur pathologically and is known as a scoliosis.

Quiz 3- Bone Markings, Division Of Skeleton And Axial Skel.

bone markings of the vertebrae

Bone Markings - Anatomy & Physiology Video

bone markings of the vertebrae

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Vertebral Bone Markings AP1

Compare the bone markings of the vertebrae and distinguish the differences betwe

bone markings of the vertebrae

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Cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae

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Dear Student: Here are two references. One it attached and one is embedded.

These are for the Vertebrae:

http://mason.gmu.edu/~cbeck/biol124/Bones.htm

This information is regarding the knee:

When the knee moves, it does ...

Cervical vertebrae

In vertebrates, cervical vertebrae (singular: vertebra) are the vertebrae of the neck, immediately below the skull.

Thoracic vertebrae in all mammalian species are those vertebrae that also carry a pair of ribs, and lie caudal to the cervical vertebrae. Further caudally follow the lumbar vertebrae, which also belong to the trunk, but do not carry ribs. In reptiles, all trunk vertebrae carry ribs and are called dorsal vertebrae.

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